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How Much Is the Required Minimum Distribution from Retirement Accounts?

Business Owners estate plan man on computer
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Americans are living longer than they were a generation ago, and the government knows it. Starting in 2022, that will be reflected in the amount of money you have to draw from retirement accounts at different ages.

The IRS has updated the formulas for Required Minimum Distributions, or RMDs, the amounts required to be taken annually from 401(k)s, 403(b)s, or traditional Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs) in 2022.

The new RMDs will be smaller now than in previous years. RMDs have always been a complicated topic, and now they might just be a little more so.

Getting the calculations right has always been a bit of a challenge. For one thing, in 2020 RMDs were suspended entirely. Before the pandemic, the 2019 SECURE Act changed the age when you had to take withdrawals from 70½ to 72. This was except for people who were already taking RMDs in 2019.

Are you confused yet?

Now, if your 72nd birthday occurred before July 1, 2021, you need to take an RMD before Dec. 31. However, if your 72nd birthday was in the second half of 2021, you have until April 1, 2022 to take your first withdrawal (and you’ll need to use the 2021 tables from the IRS to calculate it).

A reminder: Roth IRAs do not require any RMDs, but 401(k) Roths do.

Business Owners estate plan man on computerChanges for 2022

Starting in 2022, many people will be able to take about six or seven percent less in their RMD under the life expectancy tables from the IRS. A 75-year-old single woman with an IRA worth $100,000 at the end of 2021 will need to withdraw at least $4,065 in 2022, about $300 less than under prior guidelines.

However, you need to consider whether or not taking less from your IRA or 401(k) or 403(b) is a good idea in the long run. If you need to take more to live on, then you need to withdraw what you need, regardless of the IRS rules. There’s no penalty for taking more, except the taxes you’ll pay.

If you retire before age 70, before any RMDs are required, you might want to withdraw more from your tax-deferred retirement accounts in order to delay taking Social Security benefits.

The longer you delay taking Social Security benefits, the larger your monthly payment will be. This is a good move for many Americans, especially those who are counting on Social Security for income in their 80s and 90s.

Reducing Your Tax Burden

Nobody likes to pay taxes on earned income they were forced to withdraw from retirement accounts. However, there are ways to blunt the impact of income taxes on IRAs.

Those who are older than 70½ can donate to registered 501(c)(3) charities, by making a Qualified Charitable Distribution (QCD), which is counted toward any RMD as the amount of the donation is exempted from income taxes. However, this only works if you take the standard deduction and don’t itemize charitable gifts.

Unless the new rules, converting tax-deferred IRA money into a Roth IRA won’t impact whether you pay taxes, but when you pay taxes. Converting traditional IRA assets during a low-income year—or a portion of traditional IRA assets—allows the money in the Roth account to continue to grow tax free and no taxes are due on any withdrawals.

Unless the laws change—again.